Baldness is a part of the aging process. It can affect both men and women at any age and can affect their personality. Despite a lot of research, a cure is still not available. To know how close are we to baldness cure, let’s check where the science currently stands.
Androgenetic alopecia or male and female pattern baldness is the common type of hair loss. In men, it starts above temples and recedes with time forming an M shape. Hair thinning starts at the crown which can cause partial or complete baldness. In women, the hairline does not recede causing baldness but hair thinning can occur all over the head.
Male pattern baldness is hereditary and can occur during the adolescent phase. Female pattern baldness causes are still unknown and usually occur after menopause.
It is quite clear that Androgenetic alopecia affects a wide range of population and a permanent baldness cure could not only reduce the anxiety but it can also be profitable to the pharmaceutical company making the discovery.
Stages of hair growth
Hair is made of hair follicle and shaft. The cells located in the hair bulb at the bottom of the follicle divide and grow to produce a hair shaft that is made of a protein called keratin. Also, there are tiny blood vessels that nourish the hair follicles and deliver hormone to support the growth and structure of the hair.
Hair follicle on the scalp
Hair growth occurs in cycles. Usually, the cycle involves shedding around 50 to 100 hairs per day. Each follicle produces hair for 2 to 6 years and then go in the resting phase. During this phase, the hair fall starts. Out of the many follicles on the scalp, every follicle rests at a different time when the others produce hairs. At this point of time, hair
loss is hardly noticed but any change in the growth and shedding cycle can reflect hair loss. Researchers have now found that pattern baldness occurs through a phenomenon known as miniaturization. There are few hair follicles that are oversensitive to the actions of dihydrotestosterone (DHT). It binds to receptors in the hair follicles and
makes it shrink reducing the size. Then the follicles produce thin or no hairs making the scalp area bald.
Is there a Cure for Baldness?
Nowadays, there are treatments available to reverse miniaturization. Treatment usually helps in managing hair loss rather than being a permanent solution. However, there is two drugs minoxidil (Rogaine) and finasteride (Propecia) approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) can help treat hair loss.
Minoxidil is commonly used to treat blood pressure but researchers found this drug having a side effect which is hair growth in unexpected areas. Since then it is used for pattern baldness cure. Minoxidil lotion can be applied to scalp which nourishes the hair follicles and increases the blood flow causing hair growth. Thus, it proved as an
effective drug in the fight against hair loss. But the benefits are temporary and hair loss continues once you stop using it.
Finasteride has used to treat enlarged prostate glands and it’s side effects also results as hair growth. The drug inhibits type II 5-alpha-reductase (the enzyme responsible for converting testosterone into the more potent androgen DHT). When the drug is taken, the DHT level reduces the effect on follicles and do not affect their normal size. The treatment is effective for women and the effect remains till the drug is taken.
These drugs may slow down or prevent further hair loss and can stimulate regrowth from follicles which are dormant but still viable. However, these drugs can do little for follicles that have already become inactive. Using them at an earlier stage of hair loss give more favorable results.
Hair transplantation is the best cure for baldness. It is a transplant procedure through which follicles are harvested from the back of the head transplanting them to bald areas. Your surgeon will remove a few hairs and implant them where the follicles are inactive.
Why choose us?
At Artius Hair Transplant Clinic, you can get the best in class hair transplant treatment in Navi Mumbai. We have highly qualified and well experienced cosmetic surgeons that can provide the cure for baldness to help restore hair on your scalp.