What are the Risks Involved in Hair Transplant Surgery

Hair transplant surgery involves the moving of the scalp hair and the hair follicles from an area with a lot of hair to an area with issues related to thinning of hair or baldness. The best part of Hair Transplant is that it can give the most natural appearance on the top of the head. The removal of the hair follicles is performed from one part of the head with either a tube like an instrument called a punch graft or is removed with a scalpel.

However, the hair transplant is typically carried out in a medical office under local anesthesia. Hair transplant can be carried out by typically by following two procedures– slit grafts and micrografts. Slit grafts contain 4 to 20 hairs per graft and micrografts contain one or two hairs per graft depending on the amount of coverage desired.

Are There Any Risks Involved in the Hair Transplant Procedure?

Hair transplantation is an extremely safe out-patient procedure that is normally without significant risks or complications. However, just like any other cosmetic procedure, there are certain risks involved in the procedure and most of them are temporary. The side effects of hair transplant may vary from person to person. Some may experience some wired trouble with grafting while others may just enjoy the benefits and good results that are obtained. So people who intend to undergo the procedure must be well aware of the side effects of hair transplant.

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The Most Common Risks Involved

Here mentioned are some commonly found side effects that have been experienced by people over the world-

  • Haemorrhage and infection- It is one of the most common types of grafting method that is the immediate side effect that is noticed during or after the procedure due to some inexperienced operating scalp. Therefore this can easily be avoided by consulting with an experienced cosmetic surgeon. Unhygienic ambiance or instruments may lead to infections too.
  • Thinning of hair- Thinning of hair may be known as “shock loss” or “shedding” which is absolutely normal and there is nothing to fear about. Shock loss is a result of a poor technique that is used while performing the hair transplant procedure. However, not all of these hair sheds off from the roots as some may experience thinning of the hair while others may experience complete baldness.
  • Itching- Itching can also be considered as a common side effect that is often considered as a common side effect after following a hair transplant procedure. The side effects may worsen if the issues are not addressed properly. The itching mainly occurs due to the formation of the scab where thousands or more scabs may form right after the grafting method. Itching can also be alleviated if taken care of and shampooed more often to maintain a proper hygiene. However under any severe conditions consulting with a dermatologist or a cosmetic surgeon.
  • Scarring- Scarring may also occur with patients who have undergone strip plantation. It is observed that some patients may develop genetic predisposition towards extreme scarring. The keloid scar may be hideous sometimes especially for people with short hairs. However other previous scars may also give rise to previous transplantation method.
  • Cysts- In certain cases, cysts may develop when the hair follicle gets damaged and push it into the deeper skin layer. These, later on, take the shape and size of a pimple that is benign in character. However, consulting with a surgeon is necessary to resolve such a side effect.
  • Swelling and Bleeding- Swelling and bleeding are one of the most common side effects after following a hair transplant. However, both of these can be controlled with expert interference. The swelling may sometimes spread to the eyes and forehead when becomes severe. Bleeding is rare though but not impossible. Some people may experience bleeding due to excess pressure exerted on the scalp. The wounds are minor and may take time to heal.
  • Pain and Numbness- With such associated swelling and bleeding pain may also exist after following a hair transplant procedure. Numbness may linger for several weeks after the procedure. But if this feeling does not reduce even after few weeks consulting with your surgeon is a must.

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The Long-Term Outlook

After undergoing a hair transplant procedure the hairs will start growing in the transplanted areas of the scalp. The new hairline must appear more or less dense depending on the scalp tolerance, the density of the hair follicles in the transplanted zone and surgeon’s experience. Medicines for hair loss may alleviate the hair loss issues in those non-treated areas of the scalp. However, the candidates must hold a vivid idea about the procedure and its expected outcome. The target is to get the best natural looking results involving the least possible side effects or complications that are permanent.