Hair loss is a common problem among men and women. Some hair fall is accepted as normal hair loss since hairs naturally shed at the end of their growth cycle. Some hairs are lost while performing the daily chores like shampooing and brushing which loosens the roots of the hair and eventually causes the hair to shed. So natural hair loss are those where which approximately 50 to 150 hairs fall out per day. But if hair fall is found more than that then it’s time to be aware of the condition.
Male pattern baldness is the most common cause of hair loss in men and this may be an inherited trait. However when men start losing their hair at a faster pace then they tend to develop a more extensive baldness. In a male pattern baldness, the hair loss is like a receding hairline and baldness on the top of the head. Women may also experience female pattern baldness which results in the widening of the partitions and thinning of hair over the entire scalp.
Hair fall can occur for a number of reasons-
- Genes- Hair loss due to androgenetic alopecia occurs when a person has a specific genetic code in their chromosomes. This particular type of baldness is carried out by a single gene or a group of genes which is usually inherited either from mother or father.
- Hormones- There are several types of androgens that can affect the hair follicles in different areas of the scalp. The hair follicles that are sensitive to the androgen can shed and cause thinning of hair.
- Stress- Stress can be the leading cause of hair fall. Stress has always been with us and this is nothing new. However, certain illness and childbirth can also cause temporary hair loss. Ringworm caused by fungal infection can be the cause of hair loss.
- Drugs- Some medicines like blood thinners that controls the blood pressures and certain birth control pills, including chemotherapy drugs that are used to treat cancer can be the leading cause of temporary hair loss at an alarming rate.
- Certain autoimmune diseases can give rise to alopecia areata. In alopecia areata, the immune system revs up and disturbs the growth of the hair follicles. However, the hairs may grow back and will take some time before it regains its thickness.
- Cosmetic procedures- shampooing, bleaching, dyeing hair excessively can contribute to the overall hair thinning by making the hair weak and brittle. Tight braiding, using hor curlers, can damage the hairs.
- Some medical conditions like thyroid, diabetes, eating disorder, anemia can give rise to hair loss which needs to be treated.
Different levels of hair fall:
The most common type of hair loss is called androgenic alopecia which is also popular as male pattern baldness. It has been recorded that 90 percent of men have been suffering from male pattern baldness. It can begin at an early stage in men and may also cause by a combination of genetic predisposition and male sex hormones.
There are several patterns and stages of male pattern hair loss. The most common one starts with a receding hairline beginning at the temples, thinning at the crown of the head. The different stages of hair loss are-
- Stage 1- It exhibits an adolescent hairline which is located on the upper brow crease. No hair loss is observed at the hairline or crown of the head.
- Stage 2- It demonstrates the progression of the adult hairline which sits slightly above the upper brow crease. Hair fall is mild at this stage and affects the frontal hairline.
- Stage 3- This is an early stage of baldness where men show deep symmetrical recession at the temples which are either bare or sparsely covered with hair. Additionally thinning of the hair at the crown may also be observed.
- Stage 4- It includes deepening of the recession at the front of the head in the template area. Hair loss is visible at the crown and the sides of the head.
- Stage 5- This shows the beginning of extreme hair loss which leaves behind a small separation of hair loss at the hairline and the loss at the crown. The temporal region becomes distinct and larger.
- Stage 6 – The crown is almost lost and the remaining hair forms the shape of a horseshoe around the balding area.
- Stage 7– This is the final stage of hair loss where only few hair remains on the sides and back of the scalp.
Should you wait for all hair to fall?
So it is very vital to take immediate steps and not to wait for all hairs to fall. When the initial symptoms of hair loss are visible the condition needs to be diagnosed and treated as early as possible. There are numerous treatment options that are available to treat hair loss. Several medications, natural remedies claim to be the most effective hair loss solutions. However, hair transplant is the most effective cosmetic procedure that can provide the best results.
Hair transplant is a surgical procedure that extracts hair follicles from a donor site which is typically the sides and back of the head. These follicles are transferred to the balding or thing area which is termed as the recipient site. There are two most common types of hair transplant options that are available. They are- FUE and FUT hair transplantation.
In FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation) the follicular units are groups of hair that occur naturally on the scalp and typically contain 1 to 4 individual hairs. A strip of scalp from the back of the patients head is extracted and transplanted to the balding areas after dissecting it into individual grafts.
FUE or Follicular Unit Extraction is another method of hair transplantation that involves extracting individual follicular grafts from the back of the head and then dissecting individual hair grafts under a microscope. This is undoubtedly a time taking procedure and is best for treating small areas of baldness.
The recovery involved in the hair transplant procedure involves the least downtime. So patients can resume normal activities within few days. The price of the hair transplant largely depends on the amount of donor’s hair. Other factors also affect the price of the procedure is the technique used, the experience of the surgeon, geographic location of undergoing the procedure, etc. So the earlier the treatment can be undergone, the cost associated will also be less since it would require less number of grafts to fill the balding area.