Overview

Hair loss affects the entire body or just your scalp. It can be due to heredity, hormonal changes, medical conditions or medications. Hair loss can be experienced by anyone, but it’s more common in men.

Excessive hair loss from your scalp is typically called baldness. The most common cause of baldness is hereditary hair loss with age. Some people prefer to keep it untreated while Others try to cover it up with hairstyles, makeup, scarves or hats. Some people also choose one of the treatments available to stop any further hair loss and to restore growth.

Symptoms

Hair loss appears in different ways, depending on the cause. It can be sudden or gradual and might affect just your scalp or your whole body.

Signs of hair loss may include:

Gradual thinning on top of head: The most common type of hair loss, affecting men and women both as they age. Mail hair loss symptoms, hair often begins to fall from the forehead in a line resembling the letter M. Women have a broadening of the part in their hair and retain the hairline on the forehead.

Patchup or circular bald spots: Some people experience coin-sized, smooth bald spots. This type of hair loss usually affects only the scalp, but sometimes also occurs in beards or eyebrows.

Hair loosening from roots. Any type of shock can cause hair to loosen. Handfuls of hair may come out when washing or combing or even after gentle tugging. This type of hair loss usually causes overall hair thinning and does not leave bald patches.

Hair loss of complete body. Some medical treatments and conditions, such as chemotherapy for cancer,results in loss of hair all over the body. These hair usually grows back.

Patches of scaling which spread over the scalp. It is a sign of ringworm infection. It is accompanied by swelling, broken hair, oozing and redness.

When to see a doctor

One should see a doctor if their child or you are stressed by hair loss and want to pursue treatment. Or, if you notice patchy or sudden hair loss, more than usual hair loss when combing or washing your or your child’s hair. Sudden hair loss symptoms of disease that requires treatment.

Causes

People generally lose 100 hairs a day, on an average. This doesn’t cause noticeable thinning of scalp hair because around the same time new hair grows. Hair loss occurs when this cycle of hair growth and hair fall is disturbed or when the hair follicle is replaced or destroyed with scar tissue.

Hair loss is typically related to following factors:

● Family history (heredity). The most common cause is a hereditary condition called male- pattern or female-pattern baldness. It usually occurs with aging and also in very predictable patterns — bald spots and a receding hairline in men and thinning of hair in women.

● Hormonal disturbance and medical conditions. A variety of conditions contribute for permanent or temporary hair loss, including hormonal changes due to childbirth, pregnancy, menopause and thyroid problems. Medical conditions like alopecia areata causing patchy hair loss, scalp infections due to ringworm and a hair-pulling disorder
called trichotillomania.

● Hair loss can also be a side effect of certain drugs, like those used for depression, heart problems, cancer, arthritis, gout and high blood pressure.

● Radiation. The hair may not grow back the same as it used to be.

● Many people experience thinning of hair several months after an emotional or physical shock. Though this type is temporary.

● Hairstyles that pull your hair tight, like cornrows or pigtails, can cause a type of hair loss called traction alopecia. Hot oil treatments and permanent can cause inflammation of hair follicles which leads to hair loss. It could be permanent, if scarring occurs.

Risk factors

A number of factors increase the risk of hair loss, including: Certain medical conditions, like lupus and diabetes Stress Family history of balding, in either of your parent’s families(hereditary) Age.

Significant weight loss

Prevention

Majorly baldness is caused by genetics (female-pattern and male-pattern baldness ). This type
is not preventable.

These tips and prevention may help you avoid preventable types of hair loss:

Avoid harsh treatments such as hot rollers, curling irons, hot oil treatments and permanent.
Avoid supplements and medications that could cause hair loss.
Avoid hairstyles, such as buns, braids or tight ponytails.
Avoid twisting, pulling or rubbing your hair.
When washing and brushing, treat your hair gently.
One should protect their hair from sunlight and other sources of ultraviolet light.
Ask your doctor for a cooling cap, if you are being treated with chemotherapy. This cap helps to
reduce the risk of losing hair during chemotherapy.

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